This surname of TUCKER was derived from the Old English TUCIAN - to torment and a nickname for courage. It was also an occupational name 'the tucker' a fuller or weaver of cloth. The name is strongly represented in Devon and Wiltshire. Occupational surnames originally denoted the actual occupation followed by the individual. At what period they became hereditary is a difficult problem. Many of the occupation names were descriptive and could be varied. In the Middle Ages, at least among the Christian population, people did not usually pursue specialized occupations exclusively to the extent that we do today, and they would, in fact, turn their hand to any form of work that needed to be done, particularly in a large house or mansion, or on farms and smallholdings. In early documents, surnames often refer to the actual holder of an office, whether the church or state. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward III (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. Early records of the name mention Baldwin Tukere of Battle, County Sussex in 1236. Roger le Tukere of the County of Dorset in 1273. Charles Tooker of the County of Wiltshire, was registered at Oxford University in 1583. Edmund Gylman and Florence Tucker were married in London in the year 1583. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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