The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered to the Rev. William Nicholas Truss of Gonville and Casius College, Cambridge. This surname is of uncertain origin, perhaps a metonymic occupational name for a pedlar, from a diminutive of the Middle English word 'TRUSS' a bundle or package. The name was derived from the Old French 'troussel' and brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. Occupational surnames originally denoted the actual occupation followed by the individual. At what period they became hereditary is a difficult problem. Many of the occupation names were descriptive and could be varied. In the Middle Ages, at least among the Christian population, people did not usually pursue specialized occupations exclusively to the extent that we do today, and they would, in fact, turn their hand to any form of work that needed to be done, particularly in a large house or mansion, or on farms and smallholdings. In early documents, surnames often refer to the actual holder of an office, whether the church or state.
Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. Early records of the name mention Robert Trusel who was documented in the year 1195 in County Leicestershire, and Godfrey Trussell appears in 1204 in Yorkshire. Richard Trussell was recorded in 1231 in County Warwickshire.
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