The surname of TIJERINA is an Italian surname originally derived from the medieval given name TITIANUS, a derivative of TITUS. The name was rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form TITIANUS. The name was popular in the Middle Ages as it has been borne by a 6th century bishop of Brescia and a 7th century bishop of Oderzo. The surname is particularly common in Naples. The name is also spelt TITUS, TIZZIANO, TIZIANI and TIZZANANI. As the agricultural depression of southern Italy worsened towards the end of the 19th century, people began to escape to the New World. The exodus started in earnest in 1887 with Brazil and other parts of Latin America being the original destinations. By 1893, the economy had improved in the United States and people headed there from Italy in greater and greater numbers. In 1898 there were more Italian immigrants to the USA than from any other country. In the post war era, more than a quarter of Italians left the country for a new life. They joined a flood of immigrants to America which was averaging a million a year in the pre war years. The origins of Italian surnames are not clear, and much work remains to be done on medieval Italian records. It seems that fixed bynames, in some cases hereditary, were in use in the Venetian Republic by the end of the 10th century. The typical Italian surname endings are 'i' and 'o', the former being characteristic of northern Italy. The singular form 'o' is more typical of southern Italy. TITUS (1st century) was an early Christian churchman, a companion of the Apostle Paul. He was a Greek and remained uncirmcumcized, an important factor in the Church's acceptance of Gentiles. Ecclesiastical tradition makes TITUS 'bishop' of Crete. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error.
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