The surname of TIDESWELL is of the locational group of surnames 'from Tideswell' a place in County Derbyshire. The name is locally pronounced as Tidza. The name was derived from the Old English word TIDDESWELL, and literally meant the dweller by the stream. The names of habitation are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages, farmsteads or other named habitations. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and in fact whole countries. As a general rule, the further someone travelled from his place of origin, the broader the designation. Someone who stayed at home might be known by the name of his farm or locality in the parish; someone who moved to another town might be known by the name of his village; while someone who moved to another county could acquire the name of the county or region from which he originated. The earliest of the name on record appears to be TIDESUUELLE (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. Tiddeswell (without surname) appears in Derbyshire in the year 1230. Warin de Tideswell was documented in County Northumberland in the year 1206, and Henry de Tiddeswelle appears in 1336. Ricardus de Tyddeswelle of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The name is also spelt Tiddswell, Tidswell and Tidsall.
Later instances of the name include William Coplande and Joanne Tyddeswell, who were married in London in 1545. (No church recorded) and Richard Tidswell and Mary Thorley were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1770. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at County Devon. (Tidwell).
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