The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in J.B Rietstaps Armorial General. Illustrated by V & H.V Rolland's. This monumental work took 23 years to complete and 85,000 coats of Arms are included in this work. Registered in Prussia. This ancient surname of THOMAS is of German, Dutch/Flemish, Danish/Norwegian and English origin. It was originally from the popular medieval given name, of biblical origin, an Aramaic byname meaning 'Twin', borne by one of the disciples of Christ, best known for his scepticism about Christ's resurrection. There are numerous variant spellings of the name, which has travelled all over the world. They include THOMASIUS, TOMAS, THOMEL, DOMEL, THEML, THOMANN, TOMASEK, and DOMASCHEK, to name but a few. Surnames which were derived from ancient Germanic personal names have the same meaning in many languages. The court of Charlemagne (Charles the Great, king of the Franks (742-814) was Christian and Latin speaking). The vernacular was the Frankish dialect of Old High German, and the personal names in use were Germanic and vernacular. These names were adopted in many parts of northwest Europe, particularly among the noble ruling classes. Hereditary surnames were found in Germany in the second half of the 12th century - a little later than in England and France. It was about the 16th century that they became stabilized. A notable member of the name was Christian THOMASIUS (1655-1728) the German philosopher and jurist, born in Leipzig. He lectured on law there and in Berlin, and became professor of jurisprudence at the newly founded University of Halle. He helped establish Halle as a leading progressive centre. His works include 'Institutiones Jurisprudentiae divinae' (1688) and 'Fundamenta iuris naturae et gentium' (1705). German or Teutonic heraldry extended its sphere of influence over central Europe and spread into Scandinavia. It is most notable for its design and treatment of crests, most of which reflect the arms in the charge or tinctures (colours) or both, which is unknown in British heraldry. Teutonic Europe assembled many arms on a single shield, each bearing its corresponding crest on a helmet.
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