This surname of TEICHMAN is a German and Ashkenazic Jewish topographic name for someone who lived by a pond or lake. The name was derived from the German word TEICH. The Jewish name also denoted someone who lived near a river; in Yiddish TAKH meaning river. Other spellings of the name include TEICHER, TEICHNER, TEICHLER, TEICHMANN and TAJCHMAN. Between 1880 and 1914, almost three million Jews left Eastern Europe, representing the most extensive migration in Jewish history since the expulsion of Jews from Spain at the end of the 15th century. Most of the emigrants fled from Russia, where pogroms had raged, and where the laws of Czar Alexander III had oppressed Jewish life. Most of the emigrants departed from Hamburg and went to the United States, but some emigrated to Australia, Argentina, Brazil, Canada and South Africa. While the vast majority of the immigrants to America came through Ellis Island from 1907 to 1914 thousands of East European Jews participated in a little known episode in American Jewish history. They migrated through the port of Galveston, Texas and then were routed to towns throughout the Midwest where lodging and jobs awaited them. In 1936 the Socialist Labor Party Convention met at New York City on the 26th April, and nominated Emil F. TEICHERT (New York) for Vice President and the Presidential Campaign. Heraldry arrived in America with the coming of the Spanish. English heraldry predominated in North America, the first grant being in l586 to the City and Corporation of Ralegh in Virginia, relating to the first English Settlement on Roanoke Island, now situated in North Carolina. Heraldry was mostly dormant in North America until l694, when the first North American resident, Francis Nicholson, received a grant of Arms. Soon after, the University (the College of William and Mary) received its own grant. Not until the present century has an agreement been reached whereby the English Kings of Arms were allowed to issue grants of honorary armorial bearings to American citizens able to prove male-line descent from a British subject.
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