The surname of TEEL was an ancient baptismal name 'the son of Thorald' a favourite early personal name. The surname still clings to Lincolnshire, where it was popular six centuries ago. Early records of the name mention Turold (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1066. Henry Turrel was recorded in County Devon in the year 1273. Ralph Turold of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Peter Drapier married Barbara Tirrell in London in the year of 1624. Robert Chesham and Phebe Thorold were married at St. Michael, Cornhill, London in the year 1638. George Martur and Mary Turrell were married at St. Jame's, Clerkenwell, London in 1649. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The bulk of European surnames in countries such as England and France were formed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The process started earlier and continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the 11th century people did not have surnames, whereas by the 15th century they did. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification.
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