This surname of STRUDWICK was of two-fold origin. It was an occupational name from the Old English STODWIK - 'one employed at the stud or dairy-farm'. It was also a habitation name from an unidentified minor place, so called from the Old English STROD (damp land) and WICK (dairy-farm). Strudgewick in the parish of Kirdford, County Sussex, was earlier Strodwike, and may be a partial source of the surname. Most of the place-names that yield surnames are usually of small communities, villages, hamlets, some so insignificant that they are now lost to the map. A place-name, it is reasonable to suppose, was a useful surname only when a man moved from his place of origin to elsewhere, and his new neighbours bestowed it, or he himself adopted it. Early records of the name mention Roger Strudwick of the County of Yorkshire, who was documented in the year 1210, and Agnes Stredgwick of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The name is also spelt Stroudwick and Stroud. Later instances of the name include Swithin Strodewick who registered at Oxford University in 1571, and Francis Strode of County Devon, enrolled there in 1607. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. William Strode and Ann Fozard were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1767. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. A notable member of the name was William Strode (1602-45) the English poet and clergyman, born in Plympton. He was educated at Westminster School and Christ Church College, Oxford, where he became canon and public orator. He is best known for his elegies and lyric verse.
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