The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in J.B Rietstaps Armorial General. Illustrated by V & H.V Rolland's. This Monumental work took 23 years to complete and 85,000 coats of Arms are included in this work. (STROZZI). Despite evidence that hereditary surnames were in use in the Venetian Republic as early as the 10th Century, the origin of many Italian surnames is unclear. There is still a great potential for research into medieval Italian records while documented evidence indicates the adoption of the father's name as a surname is the most common form. The familiar endings of "i" and "o", meaning to be a member of a certain family, bears this out. The Church played a very important role in Central Italian heraldry and many Italian families who derived their titles from popes incorporated elements of the papal insignia, notably the papal tiara and the crossed keys, on their Coats of Arms. As in the rest of Europe, the turbulent history of Italy in the Middle Ages is reflected in its heraldry. Traces remain from the successive invasions of the Germans, French, Spanish and Austrians. Certain characteristics, such as the use of horse-shaped shields which were put on the foreheads of horses during tournaments, remain uniquely Italian. The name is also spelt STROZZI. Notables of the name include Filippo the Elder STROZZI (1428-91) the Florentine banker. Having been deprived by the Medici, he was exiled to Sicily, but returned in 1466. He began building the famous Palazzo STROZZI in 1489. Filippo the Younger (1489-1538), son of Filippo the Elder, was a Florentine nobleman. He was prominent in the revolt which overthrew Medici. Pierro STROZZI (1510-58) was the Italian soldier, son of Filippo the Younger. He fought the Medici, escaped to France and was made a marshal of France by Henri II in 1556. Social conditions in Southern Italy during the agricultural depression of the late 19th Century spurred the first wave of emigration as thousands of people escaped to the New World. Latin America was the original destination for these early settlers but as the economy strengthened in the United States, North America became more popular.
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