This surname of STROUD is of the locational group of surnames 'of Stroud' a parish in County Gloucestershire, and a parish in County Kent. The name is also said to have arisen from Strode in the parish of Ermington, County Devon, which was in the possession of Adam de Strode in the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). The name is also spelt STROOD, and STRODE. Most of the place-names that yield surnames are usually of small communities, villages, hamlets, some so insignificant that they are now lost to the map. A place-name, it is reasonable to suppose, was a useful surname only when a man moved from his place of origin to elsewhere, and his new neighbours bestowed it, or he himself adopted it. William de STRODE appears in Oxford in 1273, and William de STRODE was recorded in County Surrey, during the reign of Henry III (1216-1272). Symon STRODE of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. A later instance of the name includes Swithin Strode who registered at Oxford University in 1571, and Francis Strode of County Devon, enrolled there in 1607. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. William Strode and Ann Fozard were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1767. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. A notable member of the name was William Strode (1602-45) the English poet and clergyman, born in Plympton. He was educated at Westminster School and Christ Church College, Oxford, where he became canon and public orator. He is best known for his elegies and lyric verse.
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