The surname of STROTHMAN was derived from the Old English word Straet - the dweller by the Roman Road, from residence on the crossroads. The name was originally rendered in the Latin form STRATA, and in the Middle Ages the word also came to denote the main street in a village. Local names usually denoted where a man held land, and literally denoted where he lived. The name is also spelt STROTH, STRATH, STRATHMAN, STREET, STREETE, STREETER, STRETE and STREATER. Early records of the name mention Robert de Strete, 1100 Hampshire. Thomas del Street was documented in County Somerset during the reign of Edward II (1327-1377). Elyas del Strete of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll tax of 1379. Thomas, son of Robert Street was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1572. John Streat and Rose Preedy were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1803. An eminent member of the family name was George Edmund Street (1824-1881) who was an English architect born in Woodford, Essex. He was assistant to Sir George Scott, and started his own practice in 1849. He restored Christ Church in Dublin, and designed neo-Gothic buildings including the London Law Courts and scores of churches. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
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