The surname of STRIKER was derived from the Old English word 'stracian' an occupational name 'the striker'. Occupational surnames refer directly to the particular trade or occupation followed by the first bearer of the name. These occupations can be divided into classes such as agricultural, manufacturing, retailing and so on. In the Middle Ages, at least among the Christian population, people did not pursue specialized occupations exclusively to the extent that we do today. Smiths, millers and wrights were indeed specialists, but even they would normally have their own smallholdings for growing crops and keeping a few animals. Others were simply designated as the servant of some person of a higher social status, as a maid or parson. One of the clauses of the Magna Carta provided that there should be one measure of corn, namely the London quarter. Local custom, however, was stronger than the national law, and there was a constant struggle between law and custom over the bushel and quarter. By statute the quarter should obtain 8 bushels, each of eight gallons, 'striked' and the official responsible for the accuracy of the measure was called the 'straker or striker'. Prior to the Invasion of William the Conqueror in 1066, no one had surnames, only christian or nicknames in England. Based on this, and our physical attributes, we were given surnames incorporating tax codes to show trades, areas in which we lived, as today we have street names and numbers. Surnames were used in France and like speaking countries from about the year 1000, and a few places had second names even earlier. Even early monarchs had additions to show attributes and character, for example Ethelred (red-hair) the Unready (never prepared). Edward 1. was named 'Long shanks' because of his long legs, and Richard 111. was called 'Crouchback' owing to his deformed shoulder.
Early records of the name mention Robert le Straker, 1246, County Lancashire. William Strakour, 1327, County Surrey. Edward Stryke of Yorkshire was documented in 1379, and William Strike appears in London in the year 1400.
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