The surname of STOUT is a familiar North-English surname which was derived from the Old Scandinavian 'stot' a keeper of oxen. The name was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066.It is also a nickname for a brave or powerfully built man from the Middle English 'stout' meaning steadfast. Early records of the name mention Osbert Stute, documented in 1190 in County Yorkshire. William Stutte was recorded in the year 1219 in County Lancashire. Henry atte Stoute, was documented in County Devon in the year 1332. Edward Stout of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Charles Stott of the parish of Rochdale, who was listed in the Wills at Chester in 1634. James Stout of Heywood in the parish of Bury, was listed in the same Wills in 1649. In 1651, Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Stout, was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1651.Mary, daughter of Richard Stoughton was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1687. The name has numerous variant spellings which include STOUTE, STOTT, STOTE and STOAT. A notable member of this name was George Frederick STOUT (l860-l944) English philosopher and psychologist, born in South Shields, Durham. He studied at St. John's College, Cambridge, and taught at Cambridge (George Edward Moore and Bertrand Russell were among his students), Aberdeen and Oxford, and became professor of logic and metaphysics at St. Andrews (l903-36). He was editor of the journal 'Mind' from l89l to l920. He made important contributions to psychology and the philosophy of mind in his publications 'Analytic Psychology'(l896) 'Manual of Psychology '(l899) and 'Mind and Matter' (l93l) and his theories were later to receive some experimental development in the work of the Gestalt school of psychology. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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