STONE was a locational name 'the dweller by the stone or rock' some remarkable sign or landmark, of English origin. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention STANE (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name appears as STANAS (without surname) in the year 1145, County Oxford. Warin de la Stane of the County of Devon in 1273. Johannes del Stone was mentioned in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Francis Stone was baptised at St. James's Church, Clerkenwell, London in 1609. The names introduced into Britain by the Normans during and in the wake of the Invasion of 1066, are nearly all territorial in origin. The followers of William the Conqueror were a pretty mixed lot, and while some of them brought the names of their castles and villages in Normandy with them, many were adventurers of different nationalities attached to William's standard by the hope of plunder, and possessing no family or territorial names of their own. Those of them who acquired lands in England were called by their manors, while others took the name of the offices they held or the military titles given to them, and sometimes, a younger son of a Norman landowner, on receiving a grant of land in his new home dropped his paternal name and adopted that of his newly acquired property. An eminent member of the name was Nicholas Stone (1586-1647) the English mason and architect. He was master mason to James VI. and Charles I. He carried out the designs of Inigo Jones and completed the tombs of Sir Thomas Bodley in Oxford and John Donne in St. Paul's Cathedral. Jerome Stone, 1727-1756, schoolmaster in Dunkeld, 'was the real discoverer to modern knowledge of the ancient Ossianic ballads'. The associated arms are recorded in Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at County Lancashire. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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