The surname of STIRLING was a locational name 'of Stirling' the capital of the shire of the name. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land. Most of the place-names that yield surnames are usually of small communities, villages, hamlets, some so insignificant that they are now lost to the map. A place-name, it is reasonable to suppose, was a useful surname only when a man moved from his place of origin to elsewhere, and his new neighbours bestowed it, or he himself adopted it. Early records of the name mention Gilbertus de Striuelin, who witnessed King David's gift to the church of Glasgow in 1136. Thomas de Stervlen who witnessed a charter was recorded in the year 1224 and Thomas de Striuelyn was the archdeacon of Glasgow in 1228. Peter, son of Walter de Strevelyn held a ploughgate in Hedinham, circa. 1247. Sir Gilbert de Striuelyng, a cleric, witnessed a convention in the same year. Michael de Sturleigh was a witness in St. Andrews in 1285. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. Later instances of the name include Walter Strivlyng who was admitted burgess of Aberdeen in the year 1459. John Stirling and Ann Bunyard were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1770. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. A family of this name was settled at a very early period in the neighbourhood of Dunmanglass, Nairnshire. In the family papers of the name between 1160 and 1677, their surname is spelt in no less than sixty-four different ways.
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