This surname STINER was an English occupational name for a dyer, particularly of glass, rather than fabrics. The name was originally derived from the Old French word 'disteindre' and was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Henry Stainer, who was documented in the year 1319 in County Essex, and John le Stainer was recorded in 1327 in Surrey. Occupational surnames originally denoted the actual occupation followed by the individual. At what period they became hereditary is a difficult problem. Many of the occupation names were descriptive and could be varied. In the Middle Ages, at least among the Christian population, people did not usually pursue specialized occupations exclusively to the extent that we do today, and they would, in fact, turn their hand to any form of work that needed to be done, particularly in a large house or mansion, or on farms and smallholdings. In early documents, surnames often refer to the actual holder of an office, whether the church or state. 'Paide to Thomas Staynour of Windsor, for painting the fenestral like a glass window 4d.' was recorded in the year 1427. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification. John Staner was buried at St. Thomas the Apostle, London in the year 1705, and Benjamin Stainer and Ann Davis, were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1791.
Orders over $85 qualify for Free Shipping within the U.S. (Use coupon code: FREESHIP).