This surname was a locational name 'the dweller at the stile' from residence nearby. Local names usually denoted where a man held land. The name was derived from the Old English word STEOGLE. In the middle ages it was customary for a man to be named after the village where he held his land. This name identified his whole family, and followed them wherever they moved. Following the Crusades in Europe in the 11th 12th and 13th centuries, a need was felt for an additional name. This was recognised by those of noble birth as it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. Early records of the name mention Alina de la Stigela, 1273 County Yorkshire. William Steggel of County Somerset was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) and Roger atte Styhill of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379.
Nicholas Style and Gertrude Bright were married in London in the year 1575. Henry Styles married Elizabeth Reader at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1761. The names introduced into Britain by the Normans during and in the wake of the Invasion of 1066, are nearly all territorial in origin. The followers of William the Conqueror were a pretty mixed lot, and while some of them brought the names of their castles and villages in Normandy with them, many were adventurers of different nationalities attached to William's standard by the hope of plunder, and possessing no family or territorial names of their own. Those of them who acquired lands in England were called by their manors, while others took the name of the offices they held or the military titles given to them, and sometimes, a younger son of a Norman landowner, on receiving a grant of land in his new home dropped his paternal name and adopted that of his newly acquired property. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
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