The surname of STICKFORD was a locational name from a place so called, a parish in County Lincoln, nine miles from Boston. The name is also spelt STICKNEY and this is the name of a village two miles from Stickney. The two places are between two streams, which run almost parallel for a long way, and form a kind of island. STICKFORD is higher up between the same streams. The name was originally rendered in the Old English form STICCANFOR. The earliest of the name on record appears to be STICHESFORDE (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. The Norman Conquest in England in the year of 1066 revolutionized our personal nomenclature. The old English name system was gradually broken up and old English names became less common and were replaced by new names from the continent. Most of the early documents deal with the upper classes who realised that an additional name added prestige and practical advantage to their status. Names of peasants rarely occurred in medieval documents. In 1086 the compilation of the Domesday Book was ordered by William the Conqueror (1027-87), king of England from 1066. He was born in Falaise, the bastard son of Robert, Duke of Normandy, by Arlette, a tanner's daughter. On his father's death in 1035, the nobles accepted him as a duke. When Edward the Confessor, King of England died in 1066, William invaded England that Autumn, on 14th October, 1066 killing Harold (who had assumed the title of King). English government under William assumed a more feudal aspect, the King's tenants-in-chief and all title to land was derived from his grants, and the Domesday Book contains details of the land settlements, and the names of the owners of such. STIKENEIA (without surname) was recorded in Lincolnshire in 1142, and STIKENAY (without surname) appears in 1209.A later instances of the name mentions William STICKNEY and Dorothy Clenche, who were married in London in the year 1582. (No church recorded). In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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