This Swedish surname of STEURER is a corruption of the name STURE which was the name of a powerful Swedish family, which during 1470-1520, when Sweden was nominally united with Denmark, gave it three wise and patriotic regents Sten STURE the elder (died. 1503); his nephew, Svante Nilsson STURE (died. 1512); and his son Sten STURE the Younger (died. 1520). In the 17th century, so-called 'soldiers' names are found as the earliest kind of hereditary surnames in Sweden. These names were derived from vocabulary words, usually martial-sounding monosyllables such as Rapp (prompt) Rask (bold), or occasionally names of animals and birds. The names were bestowed on soldiers for administrative purposes, and no doubt in some cases derived from pre-existing nicknames. The Swedes have in recent times combined two words together to manufacture family names to take the place of their common patronymics, terminating in BERG (mountain), STROM (stream), ALM (elm), BLAD (leaf), HED (meadow), LUND (grove), SKOG (forest) and WAHL (field), to name but a few. These words are not just any words, but are usually nature words combined for easy pronunciation. This custom has been actively encouraged by the Swedish government and there are some 56,000 combinations of the variants. Most Swedes did not adopt hereditary surnames until late, and the patronymic system was still in use in rural areas until late in the 19th century. In the absence of evidence to the contrary it is thought that people may have adopted their surname from the area in which they lived. One of the most notable of the name was Sten STURE, known as the elder (c.1440-1503) was the Swedish regent from 1471 to 1497 and from 1501 to 1503. On the death of his uncle, King Karl VIII, who had opposed the Kalmar Union and attempts to keep all the Scandinavian realms under one Danish monarch. He proclaimed himself ruler He strengthened his position by defeating his opponents in the Swedish Council and the Danish king Kristian I at the Battle of Brunkenberg (1471) and ruled for the next 26 years. In 1497 King Hans of Denmark and Norway resumed the struggle successfully and Sten relinquished power, although he served as Han's court master. In 1501 the Swedes rebelled against the Danes and Sten became regent again until his death.
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