STANTON and STAUNTON families belong mostly to Connacht. Two thirds of those of the name in Ireland at the end of the last century were in that province, most of them in County Mayo. Their progenitors came to Connacht from England soon after the Anglo-Norman invasion. Families bearing the name McEvilly share the same ancestry, being descendants of a branch of the Stauntons distinguished by the patronymic Mac an Mhildh, meaning son of the soldier (or knight) which was anglicized as McEvilly. There were also later immigrants named Staunton who came to Ireland from England and left descendants. One of these from Buckinghamshire, settled in Galway in the 17th century. County Galway acquired a seperate identity from the rest of Connacht when that province was divided and shired in 1585. The country is bounded on the west by the Atlantic Ocean and on the south by the waters of Galway Bay and a land boundary with County Clare. To the north lie the counties of Mayo and Roscommon, the later also flanks County Galway to the east. The walled city of Galway, which contained about one-tenth of the population of the county before the famine of the 1840's, was of prime importance in the county with a flourishing commercial port and the handsome dwellings of the merchants. County Galway has long remained an Irish speaking region and the language has survived as a first language in the remoter parts and in the Aran Islands off the coast of Galway Bay. Old customs too, such as the wake and keening at funerals, died out slowly in this area. In the past the fine lobsters from Connemara, abundant on the coat, were a food eaten by the poor. A notable person with the surname Stanton is Edwin McMasters Stanton (1814-69) he was an American lawyer and statesman, born in Steubenville. He rose to legal prominence when he successfully opposed the plan for bridging the Ohio at Wheeling on the grounds of interference with navigation. Another person with this surname was Elizabeth Stanton (1815-1902). She was an American social reformer and womans suffrage leader, born in Johnstown, New York. At her wedding in 1840 to Henry B Stanton she insisted in dropping the word obey from the marriage vows. In 1848, with Lucretia Coffin Mott, she organized the first womans rights convention at Seneca falls, New York, which launched the womans suffrage movement.
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