The name of ST.MARTIN has the associated coat of arms recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. It was a Spanish habitation name from any of the numerous places so called from the dedication of their churches of St Martin. The name is also spelt SANMARTI and SAINT-MARTIN. In the 8th century, Spain fell under the control of the Moors, and this influence, which lasted into the 12th century, has also left its mark on Hispanic surnames. A few names are based directly on Arabic personal names. The majority of Spanish occupational and nickname surnames, however, are based on ordinary Spanish derivatives. A notable member of the names was Louis Claude Saint-Martin (1743-1803). He was a French mystical philosopher, born in Amboise. he was influenced successively by the mystics Martinez Pasqualis, Jacob Bohme and Emmanuel Swedenborg and was a vigorous opponent of the prevailing rationalism and materialism of the 18th century. His best known work as 'Des Erreurs et de la Verite' written in 1775. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. This name was borne by a famous 4th century saint, Martin of Tours, and consequently became extremely popular throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. It is one of the few saints' names other than the name of Old English saints that was found in England before the Norman Conquest of 1066.
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