The surname of SKELLERN and its variants Scullin, Scullane, Scully and Skoolin, was derived from the Irish O'Scollain. Under Anglo-Norman pressure, this Westmeath sept migrated to Munster, but nevertheless the name is numerous in Central Leinster. The maritime county of Cork, in Munster, is bounded by the sea on the south-west, the south and the south-east. To the east it has land boundaries with the counties of Waterford and Tipperary, and to the north with Limerick and to the west with Kerry. Anciently the country formed part of the kingdom of Desmond. After the Anglo-Norman Invasion the whole of the present county, save the City of Cork (which had been founded by the Vikings) and its surroundings, was granted in 1177 by Henry 11 to Anglo-Norman knights who brought over their followers and established a military colony. Ireland was one of the earliest countries to evolve a system of hereditary surnames. They came into being fairly generally in the 11th century, and indeed a few were formed before the year 1000. When the sparse Irish population began to increase it became necessary to broaden the base of personal identification by moving from single names to a more definite nomenclature. The prefix MAC was given to the father's christian name, or O to that of a grandfather or even earlier ancestor. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. The name denoted a scholar, and early records of the name mention Magister Scholasticus was documented during the reign of Edward 1. (1307-1327). Edward Smith and Sarah Scollar were married in London in the year 1619, and William Scholar and Mary Roberts were wed at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1769.
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