The surname of SIZEMORE was an official name 'the sizer' - an Assizer, one who jotted down the rations of bread, otherwise a poor University scholar who got his bread cheap at the buttery. It was also a locational name 'of Sizergh', a place in County Westmoreland. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from prexisting names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. The name is also spelt SIZER, SIZER, SISER, SISEMAN and SAXEMORE. Early records of the name mention Willelmus was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Samuel Siser was buried at St. Peter Cornhill, London in 1715. Leonard Sizer and Elizabeth Northop were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1744. Many factors contributed to the establishment of a surname system. For generations after the Norman Conquest of 1066 a very few dynasts and magnates passed on hereditary surnames, but the main of the population, with a wide choice of first-names out of Celtic, Old English, Norman and Latin, avoided ambiguity without the need for a second name. As society became more stabilized, there was property to leave in wills, the towns and villages grew and the labels that had served to distinguish a handful of folk in a friendly village were not adequate for a teeming slum where perhaps most of the householders were engaged in the same monotonous trade, so not even their occupations could distinguish them, and some first names were gaining a tiresome popularity, especially Thomas after 1170. The hereditary principle in surnames gained currency first in the South, and the poorer folk were slower to apply it. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name. The eagle depicted in the crest is emblematical of fortitude and magnaminity of mind. The Romans used the figure of an eagle for their ensign, and their example has been often followed. It is the device of Russia, Austria, Germany and the United States of America.
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