Siniscalchi Coat of Arms / Siniscalchi Family Crest
This surname SINISCALCHI was an official name 'the seneschal', a steward, an official in the household of a sovereign or great noble, to whom the administration of justice and the entire control of domestic arrangements were entrusted. The name was derived from the old French word 'seneschal' and was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1086. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conqueror. It is known as the Domesday book, and Alexander le Seneschal was such a tenant that was listed in this book. Alan le Senescall was recorded in 1194, and Ralph le Seneschall appears in County Sussex in 1222. Thomas Senycle was documented in 1356, and Edward Senskall of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Henry Beckman and Sarah Senskell were married at St. Mary Aldermary, London in 1693. Richard Dearlove and Mary Senescall were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1793. Joseph Augustus Seneschal and Ann Dicker were married in 1805, ibid. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. Many of the small villages of Europe or royal and noble households, even large religious dwellings and monasteries gave rise to family names which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name.
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