This German surname of SICKELS is an occupational name for a maker of seals or signet rings. The name was rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form SIGILLUM. It was also a medieval given name 'the son of SIGI' meaning victory. The name has many variant spellings which include SIEGLER, SIEGL, SIGLE, SIEGELMAN, SIEGMAN, ZEECK and SICKAMA, to name but a few. A Lewis SIEGLER M.D. lived at No 115 South Queen Street, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, where his entire life was spent. Ludwig SIEGLER, his father came from Gruorn (Oberampt Urach), Wurtemberg, Germany in 1851, and settled in York county, removing to Lancashire the following year. Here he operated an establishment for the manufacture of bone dust, knife and fork handles, and in 1873 embarked in the hotel business, from which he retired in 1888. Lewis SIEGLER was born on September 8th, 1866, and after receiving a good education in the public schools of the city, read medicine. He graduated from Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia in 1886, and immediately after graduation, began the practice in Lancaster County. Politically he was a staunch Republican and in religion a Lutheran, affiliated with Trinity Church. Surnames which were derived from ancient Germanic personal names have the same meaning in many languages. The court of Charlemagne (Charles the Great, king of the Franks (742-814) was Christian and Latin speaking). The vernacular was the Frankish dialect of Old High German, and the personal names in use were Germanic and vernacular. These names were adopted in many parts of northwest Europe, particularly among the noble ruling classes. Hereditary surnames were found in Germany in the second half of the 12th century - a little later than in England and France. It was about the 16th century that they became stabilized. Because of the close relationship between the English and German languages, some Germans are able to transform their names to the English form just by dropping a single letter. Many Germans have re-spelt their names in America. A great number of immigrants from Germany settled in Pennsylvania. After the start of the first World War, Germans in great numbers Anglicized their names in an effort to remove all doubt as to their patriotism. Afterwards some changed back, and then during World War II the problem became acute once more, and the changing started all over again, although not with as much intensity.