The surname of SHUTT is also spelt SHUTTE, SCHUTTE, SHUTE, SHUTS, SCHUT and SHUT. It was a locational name 'of Shute' a parish in County Devon, two miles from Colyton. A name familiar to the West Country. Local names usually denoted where a man held his lands, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention Robert atte Shoete, documented in Somerset, during the reign of Edward I (1272-1307). Alicia Schutte of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Thomas Shutt married Hannah Gregory at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1794. Surnames as we recognise them today are believed to have been introduced by the Normans after the Invasion of 1066. The first mention of such names appears in the Domesday Book and they were progressively adopted between the 11th and 15th centuries. It was the nobles and upper classes who first assumed a second name, setting them apart from the common people who continued to use only the single name given to them at birth. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that is became common practice to use a secondary name, originally a name reflecting the place of birth, a nickname, an occupational name or a baptismal name which had been passed on from a parent to the child, as an additional means of identification. Nevil SHUTE (1899-1960) was the English novelist, born in Ealing. He served in World War I and immediately afterwards began an aeronautical career. He was chief calculator of the Airship Guarentee Company during the construction of the airship R 100, and he flew the Atlantic twice in her. He emigrated to Australia after World War II His novels include 'The Pied Piper' (1942) and 'A Town Like Alice'. He published his autobiography 'Slide Rule' in 1954.
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