This surname of SHUMWAY was a German and Ashkenazic occupational name for a shoemaker or cobbler. The name was derived from the Middle German word SHUM. This was an important occupation in the life of medieval Europe, and in the cities the craftsmen were restricted by guild laws. Shoemakers who made shoes, were often forbidden to mend them. This deliberate policy of protection for their members allowed only those members to fulfill their craft. The name may also have applied to someone who shod horses, the practice of nailing iron plates or rim shoes to the hoofs of horses was in regular use during the Middle Ages. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. A minor notable of the name is Norman Edward SHUMWAY, born in 1923 the cardiac surgeon. He studied at Vanderbilt and Minnesota universities, then joined the faculty at the Stanford University School of Medicine in 1958, where he and his team have been active in many aspects of cardiovascular surgery, including cardiac transplantation. He performed the first adult heart transplant in the United States in 1968. German or Teutonic heraldry extended its sphere of influence over central Europe and spread into Scandinavia. It is most notable for its design and treatment of crests, most of which reflect the arms in the charge or tinctures (colours) or both, which is unknown in British heraldry. Teutonic Europe assembled many arms on a single shield, each bearing its corresponding crest on a helmet. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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