This surname of SHUMAKER was a German and Ashkenazic occupational name for a shoemaker or cobbler. The name was derived from the Middle German word SCHOUCH (shoe) and WURHTE (maker). The sound 'B' was often substituted for 'V' in southern and eastern dialects of German. The name is also spelt SCHUBERT, SCAUMANN, SCHUHMANN, SCHUCKERT, SCHAUMAKER, SCHOENMANN, SCHUBART and SHOEMAKER. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. Notable members of this name include Christian Friedrich Daniel SCHUBART (1739-91) the German poet, born in Obersontheim in Swabia. He wrote satirical and religious poems. He was imprisoned at Hohenasperg (1777-87) by the Duke of Wurtemberg, whom he had offended by an epigram. Franz Peter SCHUBERT (1797-1828) was the Austrian Composer, born in Vienna, the son of a Schoolmaster. He received early instruction in the violin and piano, and at eleven entered the Stadtkonvikt, a chorister's school attached to the court chapel. During the five austere years he spent there, he tried his hand at almost every kind of music. In 1824 he became assistant master at his father's school, composed an opera the 'Mass' and 'Gretchen am Spinnrade'. William Lee SHOEMAKER, born in 1931 was the American jockey, born in Fabens, Texas, one of the most successful jockeys in the history of racing. In 1953 he rode a record 485 winners. In a season in the United States, his major successes included four Kentucky Derbies, five Belmont Stakes and two wins in the famous Preakness event at Baltimore. The first jockey to saddle more than 8000 winners, he moved to Europe late in his career, proving equally successful there. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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