This English surname of SHRYOCK was a locational name meaning 'one who came from SHIREOAKS' (oak trees at the meeting place) in Nottinghamshire. The name was also a German topographic name for someone who lived near a tithe-barn, or an occupational name for an official responsible for receiving the tithes of agricultural produce. The name was derived from the Old German word SCHIURE, meaning barn, granary. The name has also been adopted by Ashkenazic Jews of uncertain origin, perhaps taken by someone who lived near, or owned a barn. In England in the form SHIRMAN or SHEARMAN it was a name for a sheriff a word derived from the Old English word SCIR (shire) an administrative district (the original sense being 'sphere' meaning office, duty. In some cases the name may also have arisen as a nickname. In England before the Norman Conquest, the sheriff was the king's representative in a county, responsible for every aspect of local administration. Gradually the duties of the office became restricted, until by the 19th century they were more or less confined to the administration of a county court and prisons, this being something of a sinecure. In some counties the office was hereditary, a practice which continued in Westmorland until 1850. Similar officials were found in Scotland in the Middle Ages, and from the 16th century in Ireland. The name was taken to the United States where the family settled in Pennsylvania. In February 1867 a Mr. Slokom was married in Winchester to Laura V. SHYROCK and two children came to this union, Samuel and Charles, both of whom worked in the Christiana National Bank, the former as cashier, the latter as teller. Mrs Slokom was born in Newtown, Frederick County VA, daughter of Col. Charles E. and Martha SHYROCK, who lived in that state. Col. SHYROCK was a large land owner before the Civil War, which all but broke down his fortunes. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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