The name of SHORTALL is an ancient surname found early and still in Derbyshire. It was a nickname ' one who wore short-hose ' and was given to Sir Thomas Woodcock, Lord Mayor of London in the year 1405. The name was originally derived from the Old English word 'schorthouse' and the earliest of the name recorded appears to be William Shothose Wakefield, Yorkshire, who was recorded in the year 1260. Robert Shortus was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. Other records of the name mention William Shorthose, 1273, County Debyshire. Robert Shortus of County Lincolnshire, registered at Oxford Unversity in the year 1585. John Shorthose, rector of Edlington, Yorkshire in 1631. Franses Mosse and Margary Shorthose were married at St. Michael, Cornhill, London in the year 1631.
The name was originally taken to Ireland in the reign of Edward I (1279-1307), where the family became one of the principal hibernicized families in south Leinster. The Gaelic name is Soirteil (also written as Seartal). The name has numerous spellings which include Scorthals, Shortle, Sertell, Sertill, Surtill and Shorten.
The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. (Shortall). Registered at Claragh, County Kilkenny. Robert Fitz John Shortall was possessed of Claragh in 1326.
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