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Sherwood Coat of Arms / Sherwood Family Crest

Sherwood Coat of Arms / Sherwood Family Crest

The surname of SHERWOOD was a locational name 'of Sherwood Forest' in the County of Nottingham.'Wood belonging to the Shire'. The name is also spelt SHEARWOOD. This name of SHERWOOD is to be found in the Newcastle and surrounding areas. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. Early records of the name mention Ralph de Scirewode, 1273 County Lincolnshire. William Shirard was recorded in Nottingham in 1298 and Richard Schirard appears there in 1323. William Sherard was recorded in 1337 in County Chester. Willelmus de Schiwode of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification.Later instances of the name include William Sherwood who married Dionise Butler, in London in the year 1577 and George Sherard and Mary Deakins were married in Canterbury in l665.


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last updated on: April 3rd, 2017

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