The surname of SHERIDAN was a locational name 'of Sheraton', a village south of Castle Eden, near Newcastle, County Durham. The name was taken to Ireland by settlers where the anglicized form of the Irish O'Sirideain is found scattered throughout Ireland, although the early home was in the barony of Granard in County Longford, whence they spread into Cavan. Early records of the name mention Stephen de Shurveton of County Durham, was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. Stephen de Sherveton of County Durham was documented in the year 1318. Robert de Shirveton was recorded in 1398, ibid. Richard Brinsley Sheridan (1751-1816) was an Irish dramatist born in Dublin. He was the grandson of Swift's friend, Thomas Sheridan and son of Thomas Sheridan a teacher of elocution, actor and author. Richard Sheridan was educated at Harrow. He went on to write plays and in 1773 he married Elizabeth Linley, who died in 1792 and Sheridan re-married three years after her death to a woman by the name of Esther Ogle, daughter of the dean of Winchester. In 1776 Sheridan and partners bought half the patent for of Drury Lane Theatre for W35 000 and the remaining share was bought in 1778 for W45 000. In 1780 he was elected for Stafford. He was appointed receiver of the Duchy of Cornwall in 1806 and treasurer to the Navy. After re-building of the theatre (due to unfit conditions to hold a large audience) it was burned in 1806 which left him to die in poverty in 1816 but he was given a magnificent funeral in Westminster Abbey. Philip Henry Sheridan (1831-88) was born in Albany, New York (of Irish background) and he was an American cavalry officer. He entered West point in 1848 and graduated in 1853. He rose to command a division in the Federal Army. In 1864 he was promoted to major General and received the thanks of congress. He died in Nonquitt, Massachusetts. He never lost a battle and wrote 'The Personal Memoirs of P H Sheridan (1888). The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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