This surname of SEGURA was a Provencal habitation name from any of the various minor places so called. The name was derived from the Old Provencal 'SEGUR' meaning 'safe' and was rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form SECURAS (free and without care). Variants of the name include SEGUR, SEGURET and SIGNURET.During the 17th century surnames were brought to Britain, North America and southern Africa by French Huguenot exiles. The Huguenots were French Protestants, and in 1572 large numbers of them were massacred in Paris on the orders of Queen Catherine de'Medici. Many of the survivors sought refuge in England and elsewhere. Although the Edict of Nantes (1598) officially guaranteed religious toleration, persecution continued, and the Edict was revoked by Louis XIV in 1685. It was then the trickle of emigration became a flood. Many migrated to England, while others joined groups of Dutch Protestants settling around the Cape of Good Hope. Others sailed across the Atlantic to establish themselves in North America. A notable of the name was Louis Philippe, Comte de Segur d'Aguesseau (1753-1820) French soldier and man of letters. As French ambassador in St.Petersburg he was a great favourite of the empress Catherine II, the Great. Later he served in the American War of Independence, and hailed the French Revolution. Among his writings (33 vols) was 'La Politique de tous les cabinets de l'Europe (1793)'. His son Philippe Paul SEGUR (1780-1873) was a general in the first empire under Napoleon, he wrote a history (1824) of the Russian campaign of 1812, and 'Histoire de Russie et de Pierre le Grand (1829). Also noted was Sophie Rostopchine, Comtesse de Segur (1799-1874) Russian born French author, daughter of a Russian soldier and statesman, Count Fyodor Rostopchin. She married Comte Eugene de Segur and lived in France, writing children's books based on a central character called 'Sophie', such as 'Les malheurs de Sophie' (1859) and 'Memoires d'un Ane'. The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in J.B Rietstaps Armorial General. Illustrated by V & H.V Rolland's. This monumental work took 23 years to complete and 85,000 coats of Arms are included in this work.
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