The surname of SEGARS was an occupational name 'the sawyer'. The name was derived from the Anglo-Saxon word SAGA. It is a familiar Yorkshire surname. The earliest of the name on record appears to be SAGAR (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in chief in the Domesday Book of 1086 in County Devon. SEGARUS is also listed as an owner of land in County Essex. Galfridus Filius Seger was recorded in County Devon in 1222 and Walter Sagar appears in Dorset in the year 1207. Other records of the name mention Richard le Saghiere, who was recorded in Yorkshire during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Simon Sagher of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Robert Sagar of Billington, was listed in the Wills at Chester in the year 1632. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th until the 15th century. They had not been in use in England before the Invasion of William the Conqueror in 1066, when they were introduced into England by the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for a gentleman to have but one single name, as the meaner sort. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that it became general practice for all people. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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