This name of SCHWEITZER was a German, Polish and Ashkenazic ethnic name for a Swiss or German, derived from the Old German word SCHWEIZ, denoting a resident of a place. As a Jewish name it denotes a Jew from Switzerland. The Polish word was acquired in the sense of meaning a commissionaire or a verger of a church. The name has numerous variant spellings which include SCHWEIZER, SZWEITZER, SWITSER, DE SZITZER, SZWAJCER and SCEJCAR. The name was perhaps given to one who came from Ringgenberg in Switzerland. They were a very ancient family listed in the 'Fonte Rerum Bernensis' of 1329 attesting to their antiquity in Ringgenberg in the 16th century during the Reformation. The nobel baron Ringgenberg took over the convent of Interlaken, then in the possession of the town of Berne. They were mercenary soldiers in the service of many kingdoms all over Europe. During the Reformation, Switzerland was not affected by the religious strife that devastated most of Europe; cities such as Geneva were in the middle of the Reformation and John Calvin became prominent as a Protestant reformer, founding Protestantism. Many people of Swiss origin emigrated from there to seek their fortune in other parts of the world. In the United States they particularly populated the states of Pennsylvania, New York, Illinois, Ohio, Texas and California. The most notable of the name was Albert SCHWEITZER (1875-1965) the Alsatian medical missionary, theologian, musician and philosopher, born in Kayserberg in Alsace. In terms of intellectual achievement and practical morality he was probably the noblest figure of the 20th century. He was awarded the Nobel prize for peace in 1952. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
Orders over $85 qualify for Free Shipping within the U.S. (Use coupon code: FREESHIP).