Schweickert Coat of Arms / Schweickert Family Crest
The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in J.B Rietstaps Armorial General. Illustrated by V & H.V Rolland's. This Monumental work took 23 years to complete and 85,000 coats of Arms are included in this work. (SCHWEICKHARDT). This German and Jewish SCHWEICKERT surname is of two-fold origin. It is a nickname for a quiet, taciturn man; an occupational name for someone who tended the cattle. Where the herdsman kept the animals was important. In some places the lord of the manor had the unrestricted right to the manure of his own herds, and sometimes the right to that of the peasants. To accomplish the best results the shepherd had the duty of moving the flock around from place to place on the lord's land. Those who tended the sheep of the villagers, as well as the lord, was a function usually generally chosen by the villagers themselves. On the estates of the king or wealthy nobles many servants were required whose specific duties were means of identification, which later developed into hereditary surnames. The name was derived from the Old German word SCHWEIGEN, and the Yiddish SHVAYGN (to be silent). The name is also spelt SCHWEIGGER, SCHWEIGER, SCHWEIGERDT, SCHWEIGERT and SCHWEIKER. There are many German-Jewish names which are merely the results of fancy or the vindictive thoughts of petty officials, adopted when the Jews in Europe were compelled to take surnames in the early part of the nineteenth century. Many who adopted names with pleasant connotations had to pay handsomely to the money-grabbing official for the privilege. Many other names were from names of German towns and cities, and are sometimes borne by other than Jews. From the 16th century many Jewish family names were derived from the house or shop signs in the Jewish quarter of Frankfort and elsewhere. House signs were particularly favoured by Jews, and they were reluctant to give them up. When the city council in 1776, ordered the houses in Frankfort's Judengasse to be numbered, there was such a resistance that they fined the whole Jewish community. A notable member of the name was Johann Salomo Christoph SCHWEIGGER (1779-1857) the German physicist, born in Erlangen. He invented the string galvanomete.
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