SCHWARTZ is of German origin, a nickname for one with a swarthy complexion and dark hair. The name was originally derived from the Old German SWARZ. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. Berthold Schwarz (1320) was a semi-legendry German Franciscian monk of Freiburg (or Dortmund) whose real name was Konstantin Anklitzen, Schwarz (black) being a nickname due to his chemical experiments. About the year 1320, he is said to have brought gunpowder, or guns, into practical use. An eminent member of the name mentions Harvey Fisher Schwarz (1905-88) the American electrical engineer born in Illinois. He was the co-inventor of the Decca radio-navigation system for ships and aircraft. He developed a prototype radio-navigation system that was put into operation for the first time during the D-Day landings in the seaborne invasion of Normandy in 1944. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Rietstaps Armorial General. Registered in Germany. The word Heraldry is derived from the German HEER, (a host, an army) and HELD, (champion): the term BLASON, by which the science is denoted in French, English, Italian and German, has most probably its origin in the German word 'BLAZEN' (to blow the horn). Whenever a new knight appeared at a Tournament, the herald sounded the trumpet, and as competitors attended with closed vizors, it was his duty to explain the bearing of the shield or coat-armour belonging to each. Thus, the knowledge of the various devices and symbols was called 'Heraldry'. The Germans transmitted the word to the French, and it reached England after the Norman Conquest of 1066.
Last Name History & Coat of ArmsThe Armorial History Includes the Surname history with a full color rendition of the earliest coat of arms / family crest associated with the surname. This gift will be proudly displayed in any home and be the highlight of conversation !
Includes: Full color Family Coat of Arms, Ancient origin of the name, Spelling variations, Early movement of the surname during the Middle Ages, Noteworthy bearers from the 1500-1600s, First settlers to North America, Contemporary notable bearers of the name or variants and a Unique Certificate number. Every surname history is over 1,800 words long and is Unframed and Printed on an 11"x17" parchment scroll. Allow 7-14 days for delivery.
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