The surname of SCHOFIELD was of the locational group of surnames meaning 'the dweller by the field with a hut'. The name is familiar to the northern part of England and particularly in Lancashire although it has now spread far and wide. Local names usually denoted where a man held land. The name was originally derived from the Old Norman SKALFELD, and was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest. The names introduced into Britain by the Normans during the Invasion of 1066 were of three kinds. There were names of Norse origin which their ancestors had carried into Normandy; names of Germanic origin which the Frankish conquerors had brought across the Rhine and which had ousted the old Celtic and Latin names from France, and Biblical names and names of Latin and Greek saints. These names they retained even after the customs and language of the natives of Northern France had been adopted by them. After the Norman Conquest not only Normans, but Frenchmen and Bretons from other parts of France settled in England, and quite a few found their way north into Scotland. Early records of the name mention John de Scolefeld who was recorded in the year 1343 in County Lancashire and Edward Scholfield was recorded in 1343 in Wakefield, Yorkshire. William Scoffield of County Lancashire, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Henry Scolfeld of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Later instances of the name include Edmund Scolfield of Middleton, Lancashire, who was listed in the Wills at Chester in 1596 and John Scofield married Jone Hudson as St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1663. The name is also spelt Sholfield. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard
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