This German surname of SCHOCK was an occupational name for an armourer, one who made swords and coats of mail with metals. It was in the cities and large towns that the various workers in metal of one kind or another developed. Protected and nurtured by the craft guilds they formed in the Middle Ages, they rose in rank above the peasants in the country districts. They were considered to be highly skilled craftsmen. Men did not hesitate to engage in fierce combat during this time, and they desired as much armour and strong weapons as possible. The name is also spelt SCHOCKE, SHOCKE, SHOCK and SHOEKE. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries. A Mr. John SCHOCK was a prominent resident of Mount Joy, Lancaster County, Pennsylvannia. He was born on January 7th, 1825 in East Donegal township. On February 10th 1852 Mr SCHOCK was married to Miss Mary Ann Patterson, and four children blessed this union. His great grandfather, John SCHOCK, a native of Germany was the pioneer in Lancaster county, where in 1734 he settled for life in Manor township. American surnames comprise of surnames found in every country throughout the world, many with differences in spelling not seen in the old country due to the inability of clerks and Government officials to record correctly the names given them by unschooled immigrants not familiar with the English, French, German, Portugese, Dutch or Spanish languages currently used in the Port of entry or the part of the country where they settled. When an immigrant arriving in America with little knowledge of English gave his name verbally to the officials, it was written down by them as they heard it, and being thereby 'official' it was often accepted by the immigrant himself as the correct American rendering of his name.
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