This surname of SCHOBERT was a German and Ashkenazic occupational name for a shoemaker or cobbler. The name was derived from the Middle German word SCHOUCH (shoe) and WURHTE (maker). The sound 'B' was often substituted for 'V' in southern and eastern dialects of German. The name is also spelt SCHUBERT, SCHUBORT, SCHUWART, SCHUCKERT, SCHUHARDT and SCHUBART. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. Notable members of this name include Christian Friedrich Daniel SCHUBART (1739-91) the German poet, born in Obersontheim in Swabia. He wrote satirical and religious poems. He was imprisoned at Hohenasperg (1777-87) by the Duke of Wurtemberg, whom he had offended by an epigram. Franz Peter SCHUBERT (1797-1828) was the Austrian Composer, born in Vienna, the son of a Schoolmaster. He received early instruction in the violin and piano, and at eleven entered the Stadtkonvikt, a chorister's school attached to the court chapel. During the five austere years he spent there, he tried his hand at almost every kind of music. In 1824 he became assistant master at his father's school, composed an opera the 'Mass' and 'Gretchen am Spinnrade'. The word Heraldry is derived from the German HEER, (a host, an army) and HELD, (champion): the term BLASON, by which the science is denoted in French, English, Italian and German, has most probably its origin in the German word 'BLAZEN' (to blow the horn). Whenever a new knight appeared at a Tournament, the herald sounded the trumpet, and as competitors attended with closed vizors, it was his duty to explain the bearing of the shield or coat-armour belonging to each. Thus, the knowledge of the various devices and symbols was called 'Heraldry'. The Germans transmitted the word to the French, and it reached England after the Norman Conquest of 1066.
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