The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in J.B Rietstaps Armorial General. Illustrated by V & H.V Rolland's. This Monumental work took 23 years to complete and 85,000 coats of Arms are included in this work. The German surname of SCHMIED was an occupational name 'the smith' a worker in metals, one who worked on a lathe. The name was common to every village in medieval times. Medieval smiths were important not only in making horseshoes, ploughshares, and other domestic articles, but above all for their skill in forging swords, other weapons and armour. The smith was one of the most important men in medieval Europe. He served both the lord and the peasants. It was his duty to shoe the lord's horses, mend and sharpen his plows and make all the metal objects that were required. For these duties he would receive certain honours such as charcoal and wood from the lord's forest and the right to have his land ploughed by the lord's plows. He also did work for the serfs in the manor, from whom he would receive payment. Henry II of England in 1181, ordered every holder of land worth \10 a year, to provide himself with a coat of mail, a helmet, a shield and a lance, and many smiths were required to make these articles. The smith, as a worker in metals was important in every country, and many surnames in America have been translated from SMITH into many different languages. The name has many variant spellings some of which include SCHMID, SCHMIDT, SMET, SMIDTH, SZMID, SZMYT, SCHMIEDLE, SCHMEDEKE and SCHMIDER, to name but a few. A notable member of the name was Bernhard SCHMIDT (1879-1935) the German astronomer of Swedish-German origin, born in Nargen, Estonia. He studied optics in Sweden and made a precarious living grinding reflectors at Jena with his left hand, as his right hand had been lost in early youth. In 1932 he devised a methold to overcome aberration of the image in spherical mirrors and lenses. This was utilized in the Palomar SCHMIDT telescope. The eagle depicted in the crest is emblematical of fortitude and magnanimity of mind. The Romans used the figure of an eagle for their ensign, and their example has been often followed. It is the device of Russia, Austria, Germany and the United States of America.
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