The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in J.B Rietstaps Armorial General. Illustrated by V & H.V Rolland's. This Monumental work took 23 years to complete and 85,000 coats of Arms are included in this work. The surname of SALAZAR is a Spanish and Portugese habitation name, originally of Basque origin. In some cases the name may have derived from a place so named in the province of Burgos. It was also a Portugese habitation name from a Germanic personal name of uncertain origin. It has been in Portugal since the 17th century in honour of St. Francis of Sales (1567-1622) who was born at the Chateau de Sales in Savoy. The name has many variant spellings which include SALE, SALAT, SALADO, SALES and SALLE. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. Portugese surnames share many of the features of Spanish surnames, in particular Arabic and Visigothic influence. A notable feature of Portugese surnames is the class of religious names referring to festivals of the church or attributes of the Virgin Mary. One respect in which Portugese names differ from those of the rest of the Iberian peninsular, is that some were adopted at a comparatively late date and honour saints who did not give rise to surnames in other languages. Portugese names typically have the ending 'eiro'. A notable member of the name was Antonio de Oliviera SALAZAR (1889-1970) the Portugese dictator, born near Coimbra. He studied and became professor of economics there. In 1928 he was made minister of finance with extensive powers to deal with the widespread economic chaos. Having been elected prime minister in 1932 he gradually converted Portugal into a corporate state by virtue of his considerable financial skill.
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