The surname of SADLIER was derived from the Old English SADOL - a name of occupation, a maker of saddles, an important craft in its day, known throughout the country. Early records of the name mention Simon le Sadelere of the County of Sussex in 1288. Peter le Sadelare of Wakefield, was documented in County Yorkshire in 1296. Thomas Sadeler of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Sadler and Jane Hogge were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1612. The name was taken early to Scotland by settlers, and Sirildis Saddeler, wife of Michael Saddeler, burgess of Roxburgh, made a grant to the Abbey of Kelso, circa 1330. John Sadlare was the owner of a tenement in Edinburgh in 1425, and Thomas Sadlare held a land in Irvine in 1426. John Sadillare was a witness in Brechin in 1497 and Niccol Sadillar was a charter witness in Linlithgow in 1533. Marion Sadler was documented in Lauder Walkmylne in the year 1635. Prior to the Invasion of William the Conqueror in 1066, no one had surnames, only christian or nicknames in England. Based on this, and our physical attributes, we were given surnames incorporating tax codes to show trades, areas in which we lived, as today we have street names and numbers. Surnames were used in France and like speaking countries from about the year 1000, and a few places had second names even earlier. Even early monarchs had additions to show attributes and character, for example Ethelred (red-hair) the Unready (never prepared). Edward I was named 'Long shanks' because of his long legs, and Richard III was called 'Crouchback' owing to his deformed shoulder. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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