The surname of SADLEIR was derived from the Old English SADOL - a name of occupation, a maker of saddles, an important craft in its day, known throughout the country, and mentioned in many medieval records. Early records of the name mention Simon le Sadelere of the County of Sussex in 1288. Peter le Sadelare of Wakefield, Yorkshire in 1296. John le Sadeler of County Somerset, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Thomas Sadeler of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Sadler and Jane Hogge were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1612. The name was taken early to Scotland and Michael Saddeler, burgess of Roxburgh, made a grant to the Abbey of Kelso, circa. 1330, and appears to be the first on record there. John Sadlare was the owner of a tenement in Edinburgh in the year 1425. John Sadillare was a witness in Brechin in 1497, and Nicol Sadillar witnessed a charter in Linlithgow in 1533. The name is also spelt as Sadler and Sadtler. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield, and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Granted to Sir Ralph Sadleir, Knight to King Henry VIII. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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