The surname of ROTHIN is a corruption of the name ROTHERAM which was a locational name 'of Rotherham' in the West Riding of Yorkshire. Early records of the name mention Rodur (without surname) 1388 Derbyshire. Local names find their origins in the villages, towns and areas where people were born, or from the land they owned. In the Middle Ages, a man was identified by his place of birth and almost every city, town and village existing medieval times has originated one or more family names. Anyone leaving his birthplace would be known to new friends and neighbours by the name of his former residence, his birthplace, or the land he owned. Other spellings of the name include ROTHEN, ROTHAM, RODERAM and ROTHRAM. Early records of the name mention Robertus de Roderham of Yorkshire, who was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379, and Thomas Rotheram appears in County Lancashire in 1400. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. Edmund Rotheram of County Bedfordshire, registered at Oxford University in the year 1591. Sarah, daughter of William Rotheram was buried at St. Dionis Backchurch, London in 1709. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour.
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