This surname of ROSZKOWSKI is a Russian, Polish and Czech name derived from the Czech word ROSA, perhaps applied as a nickname for someone with a notably 'pink and white complexion'. However, in the Mazovian dialect of Polish, ROSA also means a cornflower, and the Polish name may therefore be a topographic name for someone who lived by a cornflower field. The Czech word also has other meanings, including waste from a mill or the outflow of a millstream. It may also have been a short form of the given name ROSTISLAV. Other spellings of the name include ROZING, ROSIAK, ROSZAK, ROSICKI, ROSAK, ROSZCZYK, ROSIK, ROSZKOWSKI and ROSINSKI. The modern state of Czechoslovakia is going through a transitional phase as a result of the fall of the Iron Curtain. Its various regions encompassed the medieval provinces of Bohemia, Moravia, and Slovakia. The first two of these, where the language properly called Czech is spoken, were heavily subject to German cultural and linguistic influence from the Middle Ages onwards, being administratively a Crownland of Austria for much of the time until independence in 1918. This influence is reflected in the many Czech surnames derived from German, both from given names, and from vocabulary words. Occupational names are quite common in Czech as are nicknames, especially those referring to some physical feature. Many of the most common Czech surnames have the diminutive ending 'CEK', which is often found attached to these names. Ivan Petrov ROZING entered the Russian service in 1761. On April 5th 1797 he was promoted to the rank of Ministry Councillor, and while in this rank on August 27th, 1798 he was granted to the rank of nobility. Some names were changed by immigrants whilst on the boat heading for America and Australia. These transformations were usually to names thought by the immigrants to be more respected in their native land than the one he bore. Many Poles added 'ski' to their names to attain a higher social status since such names were accorded more respect from people of Polish extraction. Thus a larger proportion of Polish names carried this termination in America and Australia than in Poland.
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