This surname of ROSSBACH is of Yiddish, German, French and English origin, from the name of the rose-flower, and originally rendered in the Latin form ROSA. In part it is a topographic name for someone who lived at a place where wild roses grew. In a town it can also be a house name from a dwelling bearing the sign of the rose. It is also found, especially in Europe, as a nickname for a man with a 'rosy complexion'. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. The name has numerous variant spellings which include ROSONE, ROSENBERG, (rose hill) ROSENCRANTZ (rose wreath), ROSENBERG (rose hill), ROSENBLOOM (rose flower), ROSENHAUS (rose house), ROSENSAFT (rose juice) to name but a few. An infamous member of the name was Abraham ROSENBACH (1876-1946) the German politician, born in Reval, Estonia. An avid supporter of National Socialism, he joined the Party in 1920, edited Nazi journals, for a time directed the Party's foreign policy, and in 1934 was given control of its cultural and political education policy. In 'The Myth of the 20th Century' (1930), he expounded the extreme Nazi doctrines, which he later put into practice in eastern Europe, for which crime he was hanged at Nuremberg in 1946. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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