This surname of ROSENZWEIG is of Yiddish, German, French and English origin, from the name of the rose-flower, and originally rendered in the Latin form ROSA. In part it is a topographic name for someone who lived at a place where wild roses grew. In a town it can also be a house name from a dwelling bearing the sign of the rose. It is also found, especially in Europe, as a nickname for a man with a 'rosy complexion'. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. The name has numerous variant spellings which include ROSONE, ROSENBERG, (rose hill) ROSENCRANTZ (rose wreath), ROSENBLOOM (rose flower), ROSENHAUS (rose house), ROSENSAFT (rose juice) to name but a few. A notable member of the name was Franx ROSENZWEIG (1886-1929) the German theologian, born in Kassel into a Jewish family. He first studied medicine, then switched to modern history and philosophy. He was on the point of converting from Judaism to Christianity, but a critical religious experience in 1913 caused him to reaffirm his Jewishness and devote the rest of his life to the study and practice of Judaism. His major work was 'Der Stern der Erlosung' (The Star of Redemption), published in 1921. The Rose depicted in the arms is used as a distinction for the seventh son. The Distinction of Houses are used to distinguish the younger from the elder branches of a family, and to show from which line each is descended.
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