This surname of ROSENBALM is of Czech, German, French and English origin, from the name of the rose-flower, and originally rendered in the Latin form ROSA. In part it is a topographic name for someone who lived at a place where wild roses grew. In a town it can also be a house name from a dwelling bearing the sign of the rose. It is also found, especially in Europe, as a nickname for a man with a 'rosy complexion'. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. The name has numerous variant spellings which include ROSENBOM (rose-leaf) ROSENBERG) rose-hill) ROSENCRANTZ (rose wreath) ROSENDORG (rose village), ROSENHAUS ( rose house) ROSENSHTROM (rose river) and many more. There are notables of this name including Isaac Rosenberg (1890-1918) the English poet and artist born in Bristol, the son of Jewish emigres from Russia. He was educated at council schools in the east end of London, and apprenticed as an engraver before studying art at Slade School. He kept poor health and went to South Africa in 1914, but returned to England the following year and enlisted in the army, and was killed in action in France. He published his first collection 'Night and Day' in 1912 and 'Youth' in 1915 before the posthumous appearance of 'Poems' in 1922. Julius Rosenberg (1917-53) and his wife Ethel were American communists, part of a transatlantic spy ring uncovered in Britain. Julius was employed by the American army and Ethel's brother at the nuclear research station at Los Alamos. They were convicted of passing on atomic secrets through an intermediary to the Soviet vice-consul. The Rosenbergs were sentenced to death in 1951, and despite numerous appeals were executed at Sing Sing prison in New York.
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