This surname of ROSEKRANS is of Czech, German, French and English origin, from the name of the rose-flower, and originally rendered in the Latin form ROSA. In part it is a topographic name for someone who lived at a place where wild roses grew. In a town it can also be a house name from a dwelling bearing the sign of the rose. It is also found, especially in Europe, as a nickname for a man with a 'rosy complexion'. Surnames having a derivation from nicknames form the broadest and most miscellaneous class of surnames, encompassing many different types of origin. The most typical classes refer adjectivally to the general physical aspect of the person concerned, or to his character. Many nicknames refer to a man's size or height, while others make reference to a favoured article of clothing or style of dress. Many surnames derived from the names of animals and birds. In the Middle Ages ideas were held about the characters of other living creatures, based on observation, and these associations were reflected and reinforced by large bodies of folk tales featuring animals behaving as humans. The name has numerous variant spellings which include ROSENBOM (rose-leaf) ROSENBERG) rose-hill) ROSENCRANTZ (rose wreath) ROSENDORG (rose village), ROSENHAUS ( rose house) ROSENSHTROM (rose river) and many more. A notable member of the name was Karl ROSENKRANZ (1805-79) the German philosopher, born at Magdeburg. In 1833 he became professor of philosophy at Konigsberg. His works include an encylopedia of theology, criticisms, and books on poetry and education; but he is best known by his works on the Hegelian system (1840-56) and his life of Hegel (1844). He wrote an unfinished autobiography (1873). In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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